Article by M. Christian

Welcome to Weirdsville: "I don't feel so good ...."

Another neat piece from our guest blogger M. Christian (from "Meine kleine fabrik") - last time he put a spotlight on the military nuclear almost-accidents; this time he writes about anthrax and nerve gas - all in his inimitable cheerful style. We do wish the subject matter was less "close to home", though.


It's a nice enough place, this barren dome of rock between Gairloch and Ullapool. Conveniently close to the mainland, like most of Scotland it's not without a certain bleak charm. Just the place for a Heathcliff to do some Wuthering Heights or some Shakespearian witches to stir up a bubbling pot of trouble.

But if you'd landed on its shores just 17 years ago, you would have probably had a very different opinion, one formulated just before you began to suffer something kind of like a cold (high fever, aches, trouble breathing, etc.) and then ... well, how to put it?

You'd die.

Anthrax - For most of the world post-9/11, the word has an immediate stomach punch of frightening recognition. But well before some of it was sent out in envelopes piggybacking the terror of Al-Qaeda, anthrax has been tossed around as a weapon of last resort. There's only one problem when you toss anything around: you just might drop it.

(image credit: Gifte.de)

Gruinard Island wasn't an accident, but it could be argued that the testing that took place there in 1942 exceeded the British Government's wildest expectations to a frightening degree. The special breed of anthrax, Vollum 14578l, that was released there via special bombs killed the flock of test sheep within only a few days but had the side effect of leaving that Scottish hunk of rock completely uninhabitable for close to fifty years. In 1990 the island was decontaminated and today it's considered safe for man and beast, though I doubt Gruinard will become a common tourist spot.

Ullapool in the Gruinard Bay:

(image credit: Dave Henniker)

Once again, Gruinard can't really be considered an "ooops" if the island was intentionally turned into a terrifyingly lethal spot, though that doesn't really make it any easier to think about.

But then there's the town of Sverdlovsk, as it was called back in the days of the USSR (it's now called Ekaterinburg). Lovely little spot, I'm sure, full of all kinds of restfully quiet quaintness and charm, or maybe just the heavy grayness of a typical Soviet town. On a bad day back in 1979, though, Sverdlovsk got even quieter. It was close to a biowarfare lab; one that had an accident.

What happened to Sverdlovsk wasn't known until 1992 when the KGB finally released its death grip on the info. What came to light was this: because of Soviet slippery fingers, some people died from anthrax exposure. Sixty-eight of them to be precise.

Photos of the abandoned Russian biochemical laboratory (with some colorfully deadly stuff still lying around): (see full report here)

Another scary Russian spot is Vozrozhdeniya Island in the Aral Sea. (more info here) Ironically meaning "Rebirth," Vozrozhdeniya was used for extensive biowarfare testing. That is until the Soviet Union fell and researchers stationed there decided to walk off the job in 1991, leaving behind anthrax and bubonic plague containers.

Bad enough, but what's chilling is that the containers weren't treated with the respect they deserved and many began to [shudder] leak. Vozrozhdeniya was cleaned up in 2002 but between 1991 and 2000, the island was simply
posted as a no-go zone. Vozrozhdeniya and Sverdlovsk are scary enough, without getting into the fact that anthrax and bubonic plague can survive for decades even in some very harsh environments, but consider this: we know about Sverdlovsk and Vozrozhdeniya. What about other places we don't know about?

Abandoned Biochemistry lab in Russia:
(see full picture set here)

The Japanese against the Chinese in World War II, Iraq versus Iran, Iraq against the Kurds, the Holocaust, Germany against the allies in World War I, the Aum Shinrikyo cult against Japan, Russian troops against Chechen terrorists: all kinds of countries and groups have used chemical weapons in battle, or as an attempt at genocide, and what hasn't been used has been developed and stored as forms of chemical and biological Mutual Assured Destruction. In addition to the Russians and the British, we've also conducted more than our fair share of experiments with nasty bugs and chemicals. And although the U.S. hasn't had any accidents -- that we know of -- we've not been particularly careful with these nasties, either.

Aral Sea Landscape (close to Vozrozhdenie island):

(image credit: unimaps.com)

While anthrax is frightening because of its longevity and biological spread, for really scary stuff, dig into such delights as Novichok, the v-series, the g-series, and VX. Death in the animal kingdom is one thing, but if you really want to kill, leave it up to our own inventiveness: choking, nausea, salivating, urinating, defecating, gastrointestinal pain, vomiting, then comes the twitching and finally coma. Nerve gas exposure is not a fun way to go.

If reading about Vozrozhdeniya and Sverdlovsk leaves a bad taste in the mouth about the way Russia's handled its biological weapons, how about the way the U.S. has handled what could be potentially worse: until 1972 the military basically had carte blanche to dispose of nerve gas agents by dumping them into the ocean. Let's let that sink in for a moment. Nerve and mustard gas -- 64 million tons of it... In the ocean. Not just any ocean, mind you, but in 26 dump sites off the coast of 11 states.

"The Army now admits that it secretly dumped 64 million pounds of nerve and mustard agents into the sea, along with 400,000 chemical-filled bombs, land mines and rockets and more than 500 tons of radioactive waste - either tossed overboard or packed into the holds of scuttled vessels." ThinkProgress

(image credit: Deep Sea News)

"The SS William Ralston filled with 301,000 mustard gas bombs and 1,500 1-ton canisters of Lewsite -- sinks in the Pacific off San Fransico in 1958"

(Photo courtesy of the U.S. Army)

Bad? Hell yes, but it gets worse. "How can it get worse?" you ask. Well, how about this: we know where about half those sites are. But the rest, because of poor record keeping, are a mystery. Those drums are out there, right now, rusting and no doubt leaking, spilling nasty death into the sea, doing who knows what to crabs and lobsters, fish and ocean flora, and thanks to the food chain, probably even us.

Let's hope the only bio-hazard we ever going to encounter would be of a natural kind:

Read also "Thermo-Nuclear Oops List" here

Article by M. Christian, Meine Kleine Fabrik for Dark Roasted Blend.
(want to become our co-blogger? write to us, see guidelines here)

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Anonymous Anonymous said...

I think I feel a bit green around the gills. And I admit, it's likely to make me blanch a little when I think about going to the Maryland beaches.

Blogger Alastair said...

Gruinard Island Coordinates

Latitude 57°53'32.80"N
Longitude 5°28'7.13"W

Anonymous Anonymous said...

Dumping chemical weapons into the ocean is a scary thought, but most of that stuff degrades and becomes inert very quickly when diluted into that much seawater. Oddly enough, agricultural and industrial run-off is usually much more threatening to ocean ecology than these dumped chemical weapons.

Anonymous Anonymous said...

I clicked on the link to thinkprogress.com. Credibility went out the door for this entire page. think bee ess.com would be more correct.

Blogger BuckRogers said...

and lots of chemical, nuclear, and bio weapons oops in the US of A over the years. Lots of it happened in Utah.

Blogger BuckRogers said...

tried to put a link up too, but it ate the link


Anonymous Anonymous said...

^ I was just about to post the same link James...


Another casualty was Ray Peck's family in Skull Valley. They were likely hit with low doses of the nerve gas from a Dugway Proving Ground test that accidentally killed 6,000 sheep near their home in 1968. The Pecks lived but haven't been the same since.

Blogger Civilwarrior said...

There was an incident at Fort Polk, Louisiana in the late spring/early summer of 1987 in which containers of mustard gas were unearthed while trenches for underground cables were being dug. It took nearly a month to clean up the site, and all involved, including myself, were told to keep our mouth's shut. The Army clamped down on this, and the story never went public...how many times has something like this happened, I wonder?

Anonymous Anonymous said...

In reality, the application of the Russian federal forces of chemical weapons was not, and the Chechen terrorists and bandits undermining the simulated vessels with toxic chemicals in Grozny.
You are using unreliable sources to intentionally disseminate slander? =)

Anonymous Skype aleksei19967 said...

У нас не так уж много таких мест.И в России не все так уж и плохо)))

Anonymous snap circuit said...

Crazy huh, the brit's did similair with ww2 stocks of chemical weapons and there's still a regular appearance of decomposing phosgene grenades washing up on british shores.

I did some building work near the site of a ww2 airfield and we had a safety chat regarding what to do if we found anything that suddenly started smoking (yes it was run away!) as there was a possibility of various fun things having been disposed of on the site.

Anonymous Dok said...

"And although the U.S. hasn't had any accidents ..."
Really? In country where the CIA experimented on people adding to the bread of LSD?
8 accidents - 5 in the Pacific, where the U.S. has left behind a poisonous island - like after testing atomic bombs. Two - in Alaska. And one - in Nevada.
Chemical weapons - weapons only for idiots.

Anonymous Matt said...

Including a picture of the area around the Aral Sea in zour article implies that these boats are sitting in sand because of bioweapon research. The boats (and whole port towns) are stranded in the sand becaue the Aral Sea shrunk. The USSR, and then Russia, has been siphoning the water off for agricultural and mining purposes, particularly the production of cotton in uzbekistan.


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