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"QUANTUM SHOT" #695
Link - article by M. Christian and Avi Abrams
      

      The 1950s: "We Add Nuclear Power To Everything."

      Fans of the old, but still wonderful, Road Runner cartoons might remember
      Wile E. Coyote's favorite one-stop-shop for mayhem: The Acme Company. A
      clever person – not one of us, alas – once said that Acme's slogan should
      be "We Add Rockets To Everything." This, in a kind of round-about way,
      gets us to the 1950s and the near-obsession that certain engineers had
      back then with a certain power source. To put it another way, their slogan
      should have been: "We Add Nuclear Power To Everything."

      
      (Chinese vintage poster - complete with a glowing mother and a nuclear
        baby! It says "Implement the Basic National Policy", i. e. only one
        child per family)

      Atoms in the Air

      In all fairness, at first we thought that reactors have proven – for the
      most part – to be pretty reliable (we are now re-evaluating this again, in
      view of recent Japanese disaster). Submarines, commercial power plants,
      and even monstrous icebreakers have proven that nuclear power can be handy
      if not essential. But back just a few decades ago there were plans, and
      even a few terrifying prototypes, that would have made the Coyote green
      with envy – and the rest of us shudder in terror.

      
      (image
        via)

      Both the US and the Soviet Union had engineers with lofty plans to keep
      bombers in the air indefinitely by using nuclear power. Most folks, with
      even a very basic knowledge of how reactors work, would think that was a
      bit (ahem) risky, but what's even scarier is how far along some of those
      plans got.

      
      (Newsweek cover, 1957 - image
        via)

      Take, for example, the various projects the US undertook. In one case,
      arguably the most advanced, they made plans to power a
      Convair B-36 Peacemaker bomber with a reactor. Scary? Sure, but
      what's even more so is that they actually flew the plane, with an
      operational reactor, a total of 47 times.

      
      
      (images via 1,
        2)

      The shielded reactor:

      
      (image
        via)

      While the reactor never actually powered the plane itself, plus there were
      huge problems to overcome, it didn’t stop the engineers from drawing up
      plans for a whole plethora of atomic planes (watch
      video):

      
      
      
      
      (images credit:
        Allen B. Ury,
        2,
        3)

      A concept for a nuclear-powered X-6, derived from the Convair B-36 (left)
      and A Northrop concept for a nuclear-propelled bomber, refueling two other
      aircraft:

      
      (images
        via)

      The XB-70 Valkyrie, "almost" the World’s First Nuclear Aircraft,
      more
      info:

      
      (image
        via)

      More "exciting" concepts of nuclear planes (from the 1950s pages of
      Popular Mechanics and Mechanix Illustrated magazines):

      
      
      
      (images
        via)

      And of course, there was always the "Russian Answer" to American nuclear
      dreams: in this case it's a modified Tu-85 powered with a reactor called
      the Tu-119:

      
      
      (image via)

      What was perhaps even crazier than just powered a plane with a nuclear
      reactor was the idea to use that power source as a weapon. Here, for
      example, is a beautiful representation of the Douglas 1186 System,
      which was supposed to use a parasite fighter to guide the warhead to the
      target – and keep the poor pilot from engine's radiation.

      
      (image credit: X-Planes)

      But the craziest of the crazy was the "Flying Crowbar." Not only
      was the Supersonic Low Altitude Missile (to be formal), aka SLAM (to be
      short), supposed to be a nuclear bomb deployment system but was also to
      use a nuclear ramjet drive as a weapon: roasting the ground under it to a
      Geiger-clicking nightmare while leaving a mushroom-cloud parade of bombs
      behind it. Shuddering, by the way, would be a perfectly appropriate
      response. Luckily, the Crowbar never got off the drawing board:

      
      (images via 1,
        2)

      The Soviets, in a literally sky-high dream, even envisioned a new approach
      to flying their reactors: use a Zeppelin! Here's a nice little propaganda
      piece on their ideas for an atomic airship:

      
      (image
        via)

      Atoms on Wheels

      Leaving the air to the birds, other engineers had different nuclear
      dreams: In 1958 the Ford Motor Car Company, not satisfied with the success
      of the Edsel, put forth the idea of bringing radiation into the American
      home ... or, at least, the garage, with the Nucleon: a family car
      with an on-board reactor:

      
      
      (images via 1,
        2)

      Well, then, the Year 2012, or never? -

      

      Atoms on Rails

      While some engineers played with the highways, a few looked to the rails.
      Though neither the United States of the Soviet Union got very far with
      powering a locomotive with a reactor, the USSR at least looked far enough
      ahead to draw up some plans:

      
      (image via)

      Above right image is the American concept of nuclear train: "Of all forms
      of land transportation, railroads offer the greatest opportunities for the
      efficient use of nuclear energy". There was no doubt about it in the late
      1950s. Here is a German version of the Atomic Locomotive:

      
      (image
        via)

      Okay, the following views are hardly accurate but think how cool it would
      have been to get this atomic train set for your birthday - click
      here.

      

      Still other inventive types, determined to find a new use for the atom,
      scratched their heads and came up with quite a few interesting, if not
      dubious, ways of playing with nukes – but this time of the explosive
      variety. Plowshare is one of the most commonly quoted of those operations
      intended to put a smiley face in a mushroom cloud. A few of their
      suggested uses include what they called the Pan-Atomic Canal: in other
      words, using atomic bombs to widen the Panama Canal. They also suggested
      using nukes for mining operations, though never really solved the problem
      of dealing with then-radioactive ore. "Miss Atomic Bomb", 1957 -

      
      (image
        via)

      It's ironic that -- what with the need to urgently replace our finite and
      global-warming fossil fuels – that many are suggesting a new look at the
      power of the atom. We can only hope that we, today, can be as imaginative
      about it as they used to be back in the 1950s ... and a lot more
      responsible. Love and Radiation: (Truly, "Till Death Do Us Part"?)

      

      ALSO READ: PROJECT "ORION" - NUCLEAR SPACESHIPS! ->

      CONTINUE TO "BALLISTIC NEWS"! ->




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YOUR COMMENTS::

12 Comments:

Blogger Unknown said...

We add nuclear to everything mainly because it is such a good energy source. it is very clean except from storaging the nuclear waste.

However, when An reactor explodes because of a tjunami and a earthquake, we say that nuclear power is unsafe. Well, any power plant wouldn't have survived those blows.

For more benefits and disadvantages of nuclear enery.

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Anonymous Anonymous said...

You've mixed up two concepts that aren't even contemporary.

The SLAM project got as far as a ground-based prototype reactor; google "Project Pluto". It worked. The concept is also applicable to rockets, and there are a goodly number of us who are irritated that irrationality triumphed.

SLAM's exhaust would not have been particularly radioactive, because it used air in a ramjet configuration, and there's nothing in air that gets highly radioactive, or stays radioactive for long. It was supposed to crash into its last target, using radiation as an area-denial weapon.

"Flying crowbar" is a later concept employing non-explosive objects "dropped" from orbit. It would result in what were effectively meteor strikes. The best configuration for the object is a rod, because even if the front burns up on re-entry the back part remains; thus the name.

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Anonymous Julian said...

Can I juat say that 'Implement the basic National Policy' is about the least-inspiring rallying cry ever?

___  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

You forgot to add the awesome nuclear lighthouses that are all over Russia:
http://www.warrenellis.com/?p=6901

___  
Blogger Unknown said...

To amplify what Barray said, the Japanese reactors came through the 9.1 earthquake just fine, and that's more than 10 times stronger than their design criteria. They also came through the tsunami OK. It was the support equipment (backup generators) being destroyed that caused the problem.

Warlocketx - The Smithsonian article on Project Pluto refers to it as "The Flying Crowbar" whether accurate or not.

- Jack

___  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Don't forget spaceships: Check out Project Orion, the nuclear-bomb pulse drive...

___  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

@Warlocketx-
You're kidding, right? SLAM was specifically designed to be a triple threat out tha box. Mach 6 shockwave at
300 feet over any country it's targeted to. That alone would kill hundreds. No, but wait! There's the 15 1.5 to 2 kiloton MIRV's riding on it's back-popping out the top to drop on any target so chosen as it passes by. Wham!
Then there's the sweet kiss-off. I quote you- "SLAM's exhaust would not have been particularly radioactive, because it used air in a ramjet configuration, and there's nothing in air that gets highly radioactive, or stays radioactive for long".
Are you brain-dead? SLAM was an "open core" reactor, you ferkin dumbass!!!!. That was one of it's point's! It was planned to be flyable for a minimum of three MONTHS over any chosen target with a reactor that had NO SHIELDING AT ALL, spewing little chunks of the core all the way, everywhere it went.
Let me reiterate- three months, at mach 6, spewing transuranics with a half-life of 1200 years all the way-plus popping out airdrop nukes wherever it felt like it!
One of the reasons it never got off the ground was they never could figure out how to test it safely, or figure out how to dispose of the rig after it was finished, other than crashing it into the deep Pacific.......
You're the one who's getting programs mixed up- NERVA is the powerplant you're thinking of- which was never ever meant to be used in atmo. That was meant to be a thruster for outer system propulsion. The program you speak of is "Rods from God", which have no powerplant at all, they are just kinetic energy weapons.
SLAM was so insidious that even the designers didn't want to finish it, yet yur dumbbass thinks it was ok.....last point; they were contemporary.Both programs were started by 1957. "Rod's" didn't come along until the mid 70's. Fact-check, brutha

___  
Anonymous wash board said...

Definitely some fascinating projects, a little scary that there were nuclear reactors flying around in the sky though. Loved this post.

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Blogger Richard L.A. Schaeferr said...

Forty or fifty years ago, I think it was the magazine Atlantic Monthly that ran an article arguing that scientists felt so guilty about inventing the Atom Bomb that they were trying desperately and at times irrationally to find uses of atomic power that would redeem or make up for or atone for what they had done. Regarding fear of dirt or guilt, some argue that a psychological and not necessarily rational attractive of solar power has been that it is so "clean" as compared to the "dirty" (in various ways) other sources of energy. It's almost as if some people want a source of energy as abstract and distant and unearthly as possible.

___  
Blogger Avi Abrams said...

We did write about Nuclear Spaceships: Project Orion - check out http://tinyurl.com/3s8knj

___  
Blogger Kristophr said...

Two of the test reactors for the US nuclear powered bomber program are on display outside of the public museum at the Idaho National Labs near Arco ID:

https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/File:Aircraft_Reactors_Arco_ID_2009.jpg

___  
Blogger Unknown said...

1955 - communistic Czechoslovakia - atomic flying harvester
http://vtm.zive.cz/clanek/1955-letajici-atomovy-kombajn

___  

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